Gudrun Østby

Research Professor

Gudrun Østby
Email: gudrun@prio.org
Work phone: +1 301-678-1416 (US until August 2020)
Mobile phone: +47 98 67 15 43
CV: Download CV

Research Interests

  • Armed conflict and maternal health
  • Sexual and gender-based violence
  • Education and conflict
  • Horizontal inequalities and conflict
  • Urban violence

Background

​​​​​​​​​Languages spoken:

Norwegian, English, Spanish, basic French.

Working experience:

2019-: Research Professor,  Conditions of Violence and Peace, PRIO.

2019-: Deputy Editor, Journal of Peace Research.

2017–2019 : Editor-in-chief, Journal of Peace Research.

2010– : Senior Researcher, Conditions of Violence and Peace, PRIO.

2015–2017: Associate Editor, Journal of Peace Research.

2010–2014: Deputy Editor, Journal of Peace Research.

2006: Visiting Scholar at the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security (CRISE), University of Oxford.

2005: Book Review Editor Journal of Peace Research.

2005–2010: Phd Candidate/Research Fellow, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo

(Maternal leave April-December, 2006; September 2008-May 2009; and March-December 2012).

2005–2010: Researcher (part-time), Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO.

2004: Research Assistant, Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO.

2003–2004: Norwegian Red Cross Youth Delegate to Kenya Red Cross Society.

Education:

PhD, Political Science, University of Oslo, 2011.

Cand. Polit (equiv. MA), Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 2003.

Cand.Mag (equiv. to B.A), NTNU and Universidad de Granada (Spain), 2001 in the areas of Political Science, English, Media Science and Psychology.

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Publications

The following publications are specific to the Centre for the Study of Civil War. A more complete list may be available at www.prio.org.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Tollefsen, Andreas Forø; Gudrun Østby; Halvard Buhaug; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Helge Holtermann (2011) It’s the Local Economy, Stupid! Geographic Wealth Dispersion and Conflict Outbreak Location, Journal of Conflict Resolution 55(5): 814–840.
Urdal, Henrik; S. Mansoob Murshed; Håvard Strand; Mohammad Zulfan Tadjoeddin & Gudrun Østby (2011) Population Pressure, Horizontal Inequality and Political Violence: A Disaggregated Study of Indonesian Provinces, 1990–2003, Journal of Development Studies 47(3): 377–398.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Ragnhild Nordås; Vera Achvarina & Gudrun Østby (2009) Armut und die Rekrutierung von Kindersoldaten: Neue Evidenz aus einer disaggregierten Analyse der afrikanischen Regionen [Poverty and Child Soldier Recruitment: A Disaggregated Study of African Regions], Politische Vierteljahresschrift Sonderhefte 43: 386–413.
Østby, Gudrun; Håvard Hegre & Clionadh Raleigh (2009) Poverty and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of Liberia, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 298–623.
Nordås, Ragnhild; Gudrun Østby & Jan Ketil Rød (2009) Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa, International Studies Quarterly 53(2): 301–324.
Østby, Gudrun (2008) Polarization, Horizontal Inequalities and Violent Civil Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 45(2): 143–162.

PhD Thesis

Østby, Gudrun (2011) Horizontal Inequalities and Political Violence. PhD thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Department of political Science, UiO.

Book Chapter

Østby, Gudrun & Hanne Fjelde (2010) Economic Inequality and Non-state Conflicts in Africa, in Washington, DC: .
Østby, Gudrun (2008) Inequalities, the Political Environment and Civil Conflict: Evidence from 55 Developing Countries, in Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (136–159).
Knutsen, Torbjørn L.; Birgitte Sivertsen; Mattis Daa; Gudrun Østby & Christian Fjellstad (2003) Jihad – en idéhistorie [Jihad – a History of Ideas], in Blodspor : om bakgrunnen til 11. september. Olso: .

Master Thesis

Østby, Gudrun (2003) Horizontal Inequality and Civil War [Do Ethnic Group Inequalities Influence the Risk of Domestic Armed Conflict?]. MA thesis, Supervisors: Tanja Ellingsen, NTNU; Nils Petter Gleditsch, PRIO (completed 15 August, defended 5 September), NTNU, Trondheim.

Conference Paper

Østby, Gudrun (2010) Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in Africa: The Influence of Political Institutions and LeadershipUniversity of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, 29–30 January 2010.
Buhaug, Halvard; Helge Holtermann; Gudrun Østby & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2009) Poverty, Inequality, and Conflict: Using Within-Country Variation to Evaluate Competing Hypotheses, presented at 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, New York, NY, 15–18 February.
Østby, Gudrun; Helge Holtermann; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Halvard Buhaug (2008) Poverty, Inequality, and Conflict: Using Within-Country Variation to Evaluate Competing HypothesesClaremont, CA, 24 October.
Østby, Gudrun & Indra de Soysa (2008) Too Weak to Fight? Horizontal Inequality and State Repression, 1980–2004San Francisco, CA, 26–29 March.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Ragnhild Nordås; Gudrun Østby & Vera Achvarina (2008) Regional Welfare and Child Soldier Recruitment : A Disaggregated Study of African RegionsUniversity of Konstanz, 22–23 February.
Raleigh, Clionadh; Gudrun Østby & Håvard Hegre (2007) Economic Deprivation and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of Liberia, presented at the 48th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 28 February–3 March.
Achvarina, Vera; Ragnhild Nordås; Siri Aas Rustad & Gudrun Østby (2007) Regional Poverty and Child Soldier Recruitment: A Disaggregated Study of Sub-National African Regions, 1990–2004, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 28 February–3 March.
Østby, Gudrun & Henrik Urdal (2007) Population Pressure, Inequality and Political Violence: A Disaggregated Study of Indonesian Provinces, 1990–2003, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 28 February – 3 March.
Urdal, Henrik; Gudrun Østby & Mansoob Murshed (2007) Population Pressure, Inequality and Political Violence: A Disaggregated Study of Indonesian Provinces, 1990-2003Palma de Mallorca, 10–12 December.
Hegre, Håvard; Clionadh Raleigh & Gudrun Østby (2007) Economic Deprivation and Civil War Events: A Disaggregated Study of LiberiaGaillac, France, 7–9 June.
Nordås, Ragnhild; Jan Ketil Rød & Gudrun Østby (2006) Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in 21 Sub-Saharan Countries, 1986-2004, presented at the 47th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association (ISA), San Diego, 22–25 March.
Nordås, Ragnhild; Jan Ketil Rød & Gudrun Østby (2006) Regional Inequalities and Civil Conflict in 21 Sub-Saharan Countries, 1986-2004, presented at the workshop on Polarization and Conflict (PAC), Nicosia, Cyprus, 26–29 April.
Østby, Gudrun (2005) Disaggregated Inequalities and Conflict in Developing Countries, presented at the Polarization and Conflict (PAC) Summer Meeting, Konstanz, 2–5 June.
Østby, Gudrun (2005) Horizontal Inequalities and Civil Conflict, presented at the 46th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, HI, 1–5 March .
Østby, Gudrun (2005) Inequality, Institutions, and Instability: Horizontal Inequalities, Political Institutions, and Civil Conflict in Developing Countries 1986–2003, presented at the 1st PIDDCP (Political Institutions, Development and a Domestic Civil Peace), Oxford, 10–12 November.
Østby, Gudrun (2004) Do Horizontal Inequalities Matter for Civil Conflict?, presented at Polarization and Conflict (PAC) Winter Meeting, Barcelona, 10–11 December.

PRIO Policy Brief

Østby, Gudrun & Henrik Urdal (2011) Education and Conflict: What the Evidence Says, CSCW Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Østby, Gudrun; & Henrik Urdal (2010) Education and Civil Conflict: A Review of the Quantitative, Empirical Literature, Background paper for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2011, The hidden crisis: armed conflict and education. Oslo: UNESCO.